These drugs are used for the treatment of asthma. They may be useful either in the treatment or prevention of asthma attacks. Antiasthmatic drugs are medicines that treat or prevent asthma attacks. of the newer corticosteroids may minimize the adverse effects of this class of drugs. WebMD explains common asthma treatments that can keep you breathing easy.
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Antiasthmatic drugs are medicines that treat or prevent antkasthmatic attacks. Cromolyn is a common but not invariable first choice for children who have asthma. It reduces the frequency of asthmatic attacks and is suitable for long-term use. Cromolyn may not be needed when attacks are mild and infrequent.
Bronchodilators should be used to treat attacks once they begin. They may also be taken on a regular basis to prevent attacks. Corticosteroids are valuable, but some have serious long-term side effects. Except in patients whose conditions cannot be managed with cromolyn and brochodilators, corticosteroids should be reserved for emergency room use. In patients who require ongoing use of steroids, alternate day dosing or inhalation of some of the newer corticosteroids may minimize the adverse effects of this class antiasthmatif drugs.
A young girl suffering from asthma uses an inhaler to assist her breathing.
Using antiasthmatic drugs properly is important. Because bronchodilators provide quick relief, some people may be tempted to overuse them. However, with some kinds of bronchodilators, doing so can lead to serious and possibly life-threatening complications. In the long run, patients are better off using bronchodilators only as directed and also using corticosteroids, which eventually will reduce their need for bronchodilators. Parents whose children are xrugs their antiasthmatic drugs correctly but feel their asthma is not under control should see consult antasthmatic child’s physicians.
The physician can either increase the dose, switch to another medicine, or add another medicine to the regimen.
Corticosteroids are powerful drugs that may cause serious side effects when used over the long term. However, these problems are much less likely with the inhalant forms than with the oral and injected forms. While the oral and injected forms generally should be used only for one to two weeks, the inhalant forms may be used for long periods.
When used to prevent ajtiasthmatic attacks, cromolyn must be taken as directed every day. The drug may take as long as four weeks to start working. Unless told to do so by a physician, patients should not stop taking the drug just because it does not seem to be working.
When symptoms do begin to improve, patients should continue taking all medicines that have been prescribed, unless calssification physician directs otherwise. Inhalant forms of antiasthmatic drugs may cause dryness or irritation in the throat, dry mouth, or an unpleasant taste in the mouth. To help prevent these problems, patients can gargle and rinse the mouth or take a sip of water after each dose.
Asthma —A disease in which the air passages of the lungs become inflamed and narrowed, causing wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Inflammation —Pain, redness, swelling, and heat that develop in response zntiasthmatic tissue irritation or injury. It usually is caused by the immune system’s response to the body’s contact with a foreign substance, such as an allergen or pathogen.
Inhalant —Medication that is breathed into the lungs. Mucus —The thick fluid produced by the mucous membranes that line many body cavities and structures.
It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and shed cells, and it serve to lubricate body parts and to trap particles of dirt or other contaminants. Nebulizer —A device that turns liquid forms of medication into a fine spray that can be inhaled.
More serious side effects are not common when these medicines are used properly. However, parents whose children have unusual or bothersome symptoms after taking an antiasthmatic drug should get in touch with the child’s physician. There are many drugs that are used in treatment of asthma. Interactions should be reviewed on an individual basis.
Drugs which decrease blood levels of aminophylline which opens bronchial passages and may require a dose increase are:. All health professionals with responsibility for an asthmatic’s drug therapy should have an up-to-date list of the drugs and doses being used by the child.
Asthmatic children should wear a suitable identification bracelet with a list of drugs being used, in case of an emergency room admission. Children using inhalers should be knowledgeable on the use of these devices.
The Merck Manual2nd home ed. Mcevoy, Gerald, et al. American Society of Healthsystems Pharmacists, Solutions in Pediatric Asthma. The Harriet Lane Handbook15th ed. Available online at http: Definition Antiasthmatic drugs are medicines that treat or prevent asthma attacks.
Description Three types of drugs are used in treating and preventing asthma attacks: General use All three types of drugs may be used in combination with each other.
Precautions Using antiasthmatic drugs properly is important. Side effects Inhalant forms of antiasthmatic drugs may cause dryness or irritation in the throat, dry mouth, or an unpleasant taste in the mouth. Interactions There are many drugs that are used in treatment of asthma.
Drugs which decrease blood levels of aminophylline which opens bronchial passages and may require a dose increase are: Parental concerns All health professionals with responsibility for an asthmatic’s drug therapy should have an up-to-date list of the drugs and doses being used by the child. Also read article about Antiasthmatic Drugs from Wikipedia.
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