Building Firewall with OpenBSD and PF [2nd Edition] – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. In his latest weblog article No DRM, because I trust people, Jacek Artymiak, author of Building Firewalls with OpenBSD and PF (BFWOAP). Работа по теме: Building Firewalls With OpenBSD And PF, 2nd Edition (). Предмет: Программирование. ВУЗ: СумГУ.
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Copyright C by Steve LittAll rights reserved. Material provided as-is, use at your own risk. Steve Litt is the author of the Universal Troubleshooting Process Coursewarewhich can be presented either by Steve or by your own trainers. Your firewall needs are determined by your setup and what you have to lose.
The firewall described in this document may not be sufficient for your needs. There may be mistakes in these instructions, and you might make mistakes following these instructions, and such mistakes might lead to penetration of wtih computer or network, which could lead to personal, business or financial loss.
The author is not responsible for the outcome of your use of this document: Use at your own risk. Hardware lpenbsd software that blocks Ethernet packets deemed likely to be dangerous. A device that biulding Ethernet packets between two networks or subnets.
Pretty much the same thing as a router, but the point of reference is different, in that the gateway is seen from the point of reference of its own network. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.
This is a protocol in which a firewallls gets its IP address and maybe quite a few other things assigned to it when it plugs into a network or wirelessly connects to a Wifi access point. Here’s how it works.
Three blocks of IP addresses which are disallowed on the Internet, but allowed to be used, without registration. Also called IANA, this is the organization that distributes blocks of IP addresses to different entities usually larger companies who may re-assign smaller blocks and individual addresses to others.
These are three blocks of IP addresses which IANA and everyone else has agreed can be used privately as long as they are kept off the Internet. They’re called “private” because they can be used only privately within a company, and not in the “public” Internet. The three address blocks are: Here’s how you explain that apparent paradox: Private addresses are to be used ONLY within the privacy of their own private network, and NEVER used on the public network Internetwhereas public addresses can be used on the public network Internet.
So the word public or private refers to where they’re being used, not to who’s using them. A way to “multiplex” all the private IP addresses on your LAN onto the address with which you hit the Internet the IP address coming out of your cable modem. The “hows” of dual level testing are explained in later sections. This subsection discusses the “whats” and “whys”. Live Internet with Test Computer.
No matter what’s done to the pf box during testing or troubleshooting, wkth as safe as the existing LAN’s firewall. It’s easier to simulate Internet badguys from your own LAN than from the Internet, and you don’t have to explain your activites to the owner of the facility from which you do your penetration testing.
You don’t violate anyone’s terms of service TOS. It can be done with just a few changes to pf. This will be explained in the next section of this document. Once the system’s passed the simulation mode level of testing, it’s a pretty good bet that if you reverse the changes to pf. So, just to be clear, the existing LAN goes on with its life, but without a connection to the Internet.
The new simulated LAN immitates the current LAN, complete with the vuilding netmask and DNS servers, but the simulated LAN is completely physically separated from the existing LAN, so they can’t interfere with each other, they can’t ping each other, they can’t see each other. Later, when testing’s complete, you can. The beauty of the test computer is if something is wrong, instead of getting every machine on your LAN infected, you just infect your test computer.
A few notes about the preceding. Its subnet must not be the same as the existing LAN, shown at the bottom of the diagram. The diagram shows the numbers used in the examples of this document.
Simulation mode is as safe as the existing firewall, which of course we all hope is safe indeed. Wiring it in early can allow a badguy to come in and own your computer! Before you do anything else, you first have to reset everything back to its original “live” settings. Everything in this file overrides rc. This is where you enable or disable services, or give information about services.
You can switch the comment to disable the DHCP server if needed, and you can uncomment the pf line to disable pf for diagnostic tests. This is where you enable port forwarding.
To enable port forwarding, just uncomment the line that looks like: Note that in your case dith file extension will probably be different. This defines what information a DHCP client acquires from its server. This defines what information a DHCP server sends to its clients. For each subnet served, it defines the range of IP addresses it can lease out. It can also give the clients a domain name, which bui,ding this case is set to “domain. To facilitate testing in which the current LAN simulates the Internet, a testing config is added, and need fjrewalls be commented out unless you really intend to have a LAN at that subnet.
This covers the firewall rules, the NAT, and any redirections beyond the scope of this article. Contains files related to SSH. Be careful that nothing in here, perhaps put in during diagnostic tests, can compromise your system. When empty default values are used: Restart the network after changing config.
This also restarts any DHCP clients. I found one case where doing this didn’t recognize a change rirewalls the IP address, so if all else fails you might have to reboot. Find every file with the current IP address presumably to change them.
Reset the PF firewall. Very dangerous unless running in simulation mode behind another firewall. Run “lint” on your pf. Compiles but does not load the config file, so if it fails to compile buklding doesn’t leave you wide open. If you want to actuall load it, which I think is a bad idea if you’re at the lint stage,substitute the -f option for the -n.
This is also an excellent way to get a numbered list of rules, with numbers starting at zero. View PF events live as they happen sort of like a tail-f. DO NOT use the -v option — insecure! Finding a host’s entry in a hashed.
After running the command, grep.