Electrosurgery in periodontics: a literature review. Azzi R. Alveolar Process/ physiology; Alveolectomy; Animals; Dogs; Electrosurgery*/instrumentation. USE OF ELECTROSURGERY IN PERIODONTICS • Should be limited to superficial procedures such as removal of gingival enlargements. • Gingivoplasty . H.S. Harris, Electrosurgery in dental practice () J.B. Lippincott Co 3- 2. M.J. Oringer, Electrosurgery in dentistry 2 () W. B. Saunders Co 3.

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Gingivoplasty corrects the remaining thick and un-naturally shaped gingival tissue left after the gingivectomy procedure and exposes the hidden teeth. The physics of waveforms and lateral heat production in electrosurgery Waveforms and their properties: Another study demonstrated that lateral heat production adjacent to a fine wire needle electrode emitting fully rectified-filtered current was dependent on the time of incision 6.

Current frequency Electrosurvery units typically operate at one fixed frequency predetermined by the manufacturer for each model.

A biometric and histological evaluation. Desiccation type of coagulation is the therapeutic objective for accomplishing hemostasis. Bipolar coagulation in microvascular surgery. Nerves and vessels are more conductive than fat, bone, enamel, dentin and cementum. Can Dent Asso J.

Electrosurgery in aesthetic and restorative dentistry: A literature review and case reports

ES has been defined as elecrtosurgery intentional passage of high-frequency waveforms or currents, through the tissues of the body to achieve a controllable surgical effect. Bipolar electrosurgery, crown lengthening, electrosurgery, gingivectomy, monopolar electrosurgery.

ES can never completely replace the scalpel but although ES requires more knowledge and skill, the advantages out number and outweighs its disadvantages. Regular users of ES know from experience, that when ES is applied according to principles, predictable and good wound healing can be achieved.

Support Center Support Center. The bad odor of tissue burning is present if high-volume suction is not used. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A general overview Making a diagnosis in implantology Diagnostic imaging in implantology Dental implants: Pulpal and periapical immune response to electrosurgical contact of cervical metallic restorations in monkeys. Gingival overgrowth is a condition that commonly develops after trauma or is associated with cervically fractured teeth.

ES is simple, cost effective and yield good results, along with good patient satisfaction. There are several types of passive electrodes available. Cannot be used on patients with poorly shielded pacemakers. Eoectrosurgery cost for electrosurgery unit is high. This limits electrosuegery use of monopolar surgery near and around critical structures.

Electrosurgery and endoscopic energy: However, they are different from the standpoints of hemostasis, healing time, cost of instruments, width of the cut, anesthetic required and disagreeable characteristics, such as smoke production, odor of burning flesh and undesirable taste. Healing discomfort and scar formation are minimal. Electrosurgery has been used in dentistry for more than half a century. It is the only waveform that allows…………….

This article presents a electrisurgery review of ES and case reports where ES is used for cutting gingival soft tissue. As the surgical electrode contacts the patient’s oral soft tissues, heat is produced and controlled cutting is achieved. Active and dispersive electrodes In the monopolar system, a high-frequency current is delivered to the active electrode which is proportionately much smaller than the dispersive electrode.

Results demonstrated that healing after using electrosurgery unit was delayed as compared to a periovontics. Later on, with the passage of time, a lot of advances have taken place in this technology.

In deep resection however they found intense inflammation and loss of bone height resulting from bone necrosis. Multifrequency ES units are cost prohibitive. Footnotes Source of Support: Application of high-frequency electrical current causes tissue to literally vaporize as the electrode passes through the tissue and capillaries on either side of the incision wall are sealed as the tissue shrinks. Excision of gingival tissue extending into carious lesion Patient presented with caries on right lower canine 43 and premolar Therefore, it is not used for coagulation in close proximity to the bone or when performing osseous surgery.


Bipolar ES devices have two electrodes on the cutting tip. Removing interproximal tissue for ease of matrix placement and elimination of overhanging margins. Due to waveform characteristics, a large amount of lateral heat and tissue shrinkage is produced with this waveform. Endoscopic management of gynaecologic disease. Destruction or enucleation of any fistulous tracks.

They demonstrated that a cooling interval of 15 seconds was necessary to properly dissipate the heat between successive entries into the same area of the tissue with a loop electrode 7. The impact of the choice of current frequency is greater in the monopolar than the bipolar mode and is more significant in electroincision than in electrocoagulation.

Unlike the monopolar mode, the area of high-current density, the tissue serving as the return path and the tissue involved in the immediate diffusion zone are all virtually the same or within very narrow limits. Gingiva can be surgically reshaped and recontored for cosmetic, physiological or functional purposes and is referred to as crown lengthening procedure.

However, dentists also know that there are desirable aspects of using a scalpel for soft-tissue cutting, including ease of use, low cost and relatively fast and uneventful healing.

Gingival recession with electrosurgery for impression making.

Electrosurgery in periodontal therapy –

Both monopolar and bipolar modes can achieve cutting and coagulation of tissue. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. Glickman I, Imber I.