Home arrow Obsolete Military Manuals arrow FORSCOM Regulation ( OBSOLETE): Transportation and travel (unit movement. FM TRANSPORTATION OPERATIONS. HEADQUARTERS accomplish this mission, FORSCOM, in coordination with the Army staff and. accordance with (IAW) procedures published in FORSCOM/ARNG Regulation 55 -1, Unit. Movement Planning. These procedures, at a.
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This chapter identifies the roles and responsibilities for the execution of transportation functions within DOD. These organizations include federal, state, and local agencies; the private sector within the US under contract agreements; foreign governments under HNS arrangements; and contracted foreign private industry.
DOD includes the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Joint Staff, Defense agencies, DOD field activities, military departments and military services within those departments, combatant commands, and other organizations and activities that may be established or designated by law, the President, or the Secretary of Defense.
The combatant commands have regional or functional responsibilities. Figure shows the combatant command organization.
USACOM, in addition to its regional responsibilities, is responsible for joint training, readiness of CONUS based forces for deployment, and force packaging in support of other regional combatant commanders. This responsibility includes operating the DTS. The Undersecretary accomplishes this responsibility by publishing DOD directives, memorandums, instructions, and regulations, and by sponsoring the development of multiservice transportation regulations.
The CJCS transportation role is primarily strategic in nature. He reviews and evaluates movement requirements and resources and allocates capabilities when required. The CJCS responsibilities includes the following:.
Its directorates coordinate specific functional areas, including transportation. The main staff element involved in coordinating transportation matters is the J4. This staff office has the primary responsibility for strategic transportation and for the operation of the JTB. The JTB acts for the CJCS by directing or recommending courses of action concerning priorities and allocations for the use of airlift, sealift, and surface transportation capability.
A recommendation usually goes with the referral of the problem. The terms “unified command,” “specified command,” and “combatant command” refer to commands established by the President as combatant commands under Title 10, United States Code, section The acronym “CINC,” which means commander in chief, refers to the commander of a combatant command.
Addition of the word “geographic” to a CINC or commander describes a combatant commander of a unified command that includes a general geographic area of responsibility. Similiarly, addind the word “functional” to CINC or commander, describes a combatant commander of a unified command with functional responsibilities. The term “joint force commander” is used in a generic sense to refer to the commander of a combatant command, subordinate unified command, or a joint task force. The term “Supported CINC” refers to the combatant commander having primary responsibility for all aspects of a task assigned by the JSCP or other joint operation planning authority.
The “Supporting CINC,” on the other hand, provides augmentation forces or other support to a designated supported commander or commanders. The combatant commands are the unified and specified commands established by the President, through the Secretary of Defense with the advice and assistance of the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff. A unified command is a command with a broad continuing mission under a single commander and is composed of significant assigned components of two or more Services.
A specified command is a command that has a broad continuing mission and is composed of forces from but one Service. There are no specified commands at this time. Combatant commanders exercise COCOM command authority over assigned forces and are directly responsible to the NCA for the performance of assigned missions and the preparedness of their commands. COCOM is vested only in the commanders of combatant commands and cannot be delegated or transferred.
It is the authority of a combatant commander to perform those functions of command involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations, joint training, and logistics necessary to accomplish the missions assigned to the command. In the area of logistics, combatant commanders may exercise directive authority. The exercise of directive authority for logistics includes the authority to issue directives to subordinate commanders necessary to ensure the following: Under crisis action, wartime conditions or where critical situations make diversion of the normal logistic process necessary, the logistic and administrative authority of combatant commanders enable them to use all facilities and supplies of all forces assigned to their commands as necessary for the accomplishment of their missions.
Commanders of unified commands may establish subordinate unified commands forzcom so authorized by the Secretary of Defense through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Forrscom.
Combatant commanders may also establish joint task forces to execute specific missions. These forces include transportation organizations. When the CINC executes a force projection or reinforcement mission, he has the following transportation responsibilities:.
Agreements between CINCs may also influence the support. In the area of transportation, fkrscom CINCs have the following responsibilities:. It provides common-user airlift transportation services to deploy, employ, and sustain US forces on a global basis. It also manages civilian chartered flights, when they support a military operation.
It provides common-user sealift transportation services to deploy, employ, and sustain US forces on a global basis. MSC executes this mission with the active fleet, to include prepositioned afloat assets, on a daily basis.
This shipping consists of inactive assets. Forsclm also manages civilian chartered shipping and accessorial services when these support a military operation. MTMC’s four core competencies are global traffic management, worldwide port operations, deployability engineering, and integrated transportation systems.
MTMC can activate this program to support emergency DOD transportation requirements before an official declaration of a national emergency. These programs assure the maintenance of an adequate US-based transportation infrastructure capable of responding forsco to developing emergencies. Formal MTMC national defense transportation programs include highways, railroads, and ports.
Torscom also 55- transportability programs to ensure the incorporation of safe, efficient, and effective deployment characteristics into equipment design. The DLA provides supplies common to all military Services. The DMA produces standard maps; charts; map substitutes for example, satellite image maps ; and terrain data elevation, slope, soils, vegetation, transportation infrastructure, hydrology, and so on.
They also provide user training for space-based systems. Mail is one of the most important commodities moved during the conduct of forscmo military operation.
To assure the expeditious movement of mail, the MPSA has the following missions:. JMPA are the main operating agencies in the mail delivery system. FEMA is responsible for coordinating federal responses to a domestic crisis. In this role, they orchestrate the support provided by DOD and other federal departments Human and Health Services, Transportation, and so on when disasters such as earthquakes and enemy attacks occur within the US. However, this role is only visible to the US military when there is DOD involvement in response to a domestic emergency.
FEMA also will be visible when the US is mounting a response fogscom a foreign military crisis concurrent with a domestic crisis which results in a shortage of resources. FEMA’s most important transportation role fotscom the maintenance of contingency plans 5-1 respond to crises arising from resource availability. Examples are, market disruptions, domestic transportation stoppages, and materiel shortages.
The DOT is responsible for the executive management of the nation’s total civil domestic transportation resources during periods of crisis. The OET is the Secretary’s peacetime staff element responsible for emergency transportation planning.
The Secretary of 555-1 sets up a management organization during a national defense related emergency declared by the President. By presidential direction, the Secretary of Transportation also implements control systems to govern the priority use of all civil transportation and the allocation of its capacity to meet essential civil and military needs. Federal transportation agencies carry out plans in consonance with overall policy direction of the Secretary of Transportation.
Army transportation personnel, at staff and command levels, must communicate Army requirements for favorable adjudication.
The DOT executes its emergency programs through several agencies. These agencies include the following:. The FHWA administers movement on federal highways. One of its primary responsibilities is safety. The FHWA, in coordination with the state highway departments and organized users of highways, develops an emergency highway traffic regulation plan.
This plan envisions, forscm other controls, the use of road space permits to control traffic over selected roads. The MARAD administers programs related to ocean and Great Lakes shipping and related deep water activities including seaports, shipbuilding, and repair facilities.
It also manages the RRF.
This fleet is the most significant source of government-owned, early deployment shipping in terms of numbers of ships and overall cargo carrying capacity.
MARAD is also responsible for acquiring and maintaining ships during emergencies. Section of the Merchant Marine Act,as amended, contains the congressional authority for this action. In addition to the responsibilities listed above, MARAD sets up controls to balance the requirements levied on civil port capabilities by the military forscon private sector. MARAD also implements standby contractual arrangements for the priority use or allocation of selected ports for exclusive DOD use and for other federal uses.
This responsibility includes arranging for the use of civil port facilities as auxiliary ammunition ports.
The emergency port control organization assures that local port industries provide situation fforscom through the National Shipping Authority to all interested agencies. Local MARAD port control officers coordinate with DOD authorities to assure the availability of commercial port capabilities to support military operations. This effort includes the employment of high-technology shipping systems. The USCG is responsible for maritime and inland waterway security, port forxcom, and safety including navigational aids.
USCG’s role in licensing additional mariners to serve expanded defense shipping needs is integral to the mobilization process. This corporation is responsible for keeping the US-controlled sections of the St. This administration is responsible for aiding DOT in planning, financing, and developing urban mass transportation systems, forsocm, and equipment. The Department of Energy assures the availability of crude oil, petroleum products, solid fuels, natural gas, and gaseous liquids.
Using its subordinate flrscom, the Federal Energy Regulatory Agency, the department also regulates the movement of these products through pipelines. The Department of Health and Human Services has the responsibility for receiving, processing, and relocating noncombatant evacuees within the US.
The Department of State is responsible for several aspects that affect transportation operations. These aspects include the following:.
The ICC regulates interstate surface transportation services. These services include those provided by rail, freight and passenger motor carrier, inland waterways, coastal shipping, and freight forwarders.
The USPS moves essential military mail, including small spare parts. Organizations responsible for transportation matters vary in size 555-1 responsibility from state to state. These organizations consist of those levels of government that have functional or modal responsibilities for water including inland waterwayrail, motor carriers, or air transportation.